In the region
Istria is a wonderful world in miniature; it is the largest peninsula of the Adriatic, lies below the Alps, and is encircled by the Adriatic sea. Looking at the geographic map of Croatia you will find Istria immediately. It is based in the western-most part of the country, encircled by the sea, and it has the shape of a heart. The small islands and cultivated fields that stretch to the sea and a beautiful sunset, where the sun seems to melt into the sea, will stir the passions and will help you to discover new emotions. The eastern part of the peninsula is made of limestone. Its coast is full of rocks and high, nearly inaccessible, cliffs which will astonish you, and from the tops of which you will see the yellow and gilded sun that illuminates the landscape and the sea in a crystalline colour. In the spring and summer the landscape is covered in intense green, and in the autumn it is transformed magically into the colours of yellow and red that make the hills appear as if on fire. After you have tasted the oil of the olive and the truffle, you cannot but enjoy these simple foods for their intense flavour. Istria is a land rich with millennium history. Here were once settled Histrians, Romans, Goths, Byzantines, Lombardies, and and in more recent ages also Venetians, the Napoleonic army and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. All of them have left indelible traces that have influenced not only the architecture but, above all, the culture of this world which always has been multiethnic and tolerant. Even today it is a land with many cultures and ethnic races, all living peacefully together.
Popular historical and natural attractions of Istria to visit are: the Eufrasian Basilica in Porec, from the sixth century, which in 1997 has been inscribed by UNESCO on the World Heritage List; the national park of Brijuni (Brioni) which consists of 14 islands and over the centuries has been a very popular holiday resort. The remains of some roman villas testify to the fact that many personalities from the XX century have chosen Brijuni for their vacation. The best known among these is surely the former President of Yugoslavia, Marshall Josip Broz Tito. The ancient city of Pula, today the economic centre of Istria, fascinates above all for its roman remains, still very well conserved, like the imposing amphitheatre, the beautiful August temple and many others. Fans of good food will find in Istria many restaurants and taverns, where tasteful local and regional specialties are served. Furthermore the region is known for its excellent wines, whose secret is jealously guarded in Istrian wine cellars. An, often recommended, wine from among many is Istrian Malvazia, a typical white wine from the region.
Young people who love the sun, the sea and entertainment, will surely not be disappointed, as all this is offered in the numerous tourist villages and in the holiday centres of Istria.
Although Istria is one of the well known Mediterranean regions for holidays, its inland areas are yet to be discovered. We are referring to "green Istria", with its green hills and small hilltop villages, the white cliffs, the forests, the limestone hollows, the small churches and the old medieval castles covered with ivy.
The western region of the Republic of Croatia, the largest peninsula in the Adriatic
Area: 2820 km2 (triangle Dragonja Cap Kamenjak UČKA)
Number of inhabitants: 206 344
Along the coast and on the islands, a Mediterranean climate prevails. Inland, the climate is continental.
The lowest sea temperature is in March and is between 9.3 ° C and 11.1 ° C. It is the warmest sea in August with temperatures between 23.3 ° C and 24.1 ° C. The salinity of the sea is 36-38 ‰.
Istria is the largest green oasis of the North Adriatic. Along the coasts and islands are found predominantly pine forests and the typical green macchia. The main species of macchia are holm oak and Arbutus unedo (strawberry tree), 35% of the area of Istria is covered with forests.
Civic center: Pazin (9227 inhabitants)
Economic center: Pula (58 594 inhabitants)
Language: The official language is Croatian.
The distance to some European cities:
- Ljubljana - 130 km
- Venice - 210 km
- Vienna - 510 km
- München - 550 km
- Budapest - 560 km
- Bratislava - 610 km
- Prague - 850 km
- Amsterdam - 1360 km
PULA - 3,000 year old city with numerous cultural and historical monuments. The most famous monument is the amphitheater of the Roman Empire, is today as a stage for cultural events and concerts.
ROVINJ - Mediterranean flair in picturesque alleys with art galleries, cafes and restaurants.
POREC - ancient Roman city with under UNESCO protection falling Euphrasius Basilica from the 6th century.
MOTOVUN - mediaeval town where yearly (end of July) a film festival takes place.
GROZNJAN - picturesque artists' village with numerous galleries.
HUM - the smallest town in the world to live only three families.
Brijuni - National Park, sites and relics from the Roman and Byzantine times, the former summer residence of President Tito.
VODNJAN - Church Sv. Blaza - the largest parish church in Istria with ancient mummies.
CAPE KAMENJAK - Natural paradise for hikers, divers swimmers, cyclists and anglers.
In the tourist offer of Istria, sports receive special attention. In the tourist resorts many sports centers were set up, where playing fields and sports gear for more than 30 sports are available to guests. From tennis, volleyball, basketball, soccer, bowling, mini golf, biking to sailing, surfing, canoeing, etc.